Pre-Participation Physical Examinations

Pre-Participation Physical Examinations

It is imperative to recognize each athlete’s history of concussion so that those athletes at higher risk can be identified. Athletes with a history of concussion are not only at a significantly higher risk of repeated injury, they are also more susceptible to long-term effects of concussion, including post-concussion syndrome. Educational outreach to these athletes is critical.

Because previous concussions may have gone unrecognized, athletes should not only be asked about their history of diagnosed concussions, they should also be asked if they have ever experienced any of the signs and symptoms consistent with the injury. Clinical history should also detail information about other previous head, face or cervical spine injuries.

In addition to obtaining a clinical history, it is also beneficial to obtain baseline measurements that can be used for comparison purposes if and when a concussive injury occurs. Such measurements can be obtained through Graded Symptom Scale Checklists, Neurocognitive tests such as ImPACT, and the Balance Error Scoring System.

Download the Graded Symptom Scale Checklist

Visit the ImPACT™ website

Download the Balance Error Scoring System

Dr. Stella Rivera

Dr. Stella Rivera is a distinguished sports physician with a profound specialization in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of sports injuries, with a particular focus on the ramifications of concussions and the long-term effects of professional athletic careers. With over a decade of experience in sports medicine, Dr. Rivera has dedicated her career to advancing the understanding of how sports activities impact athlete health and well-being.